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A important passage about Literacy


Literacy as a skill was first institutionalised in Mesopotamia, Syria, Egypt and China  soon after the art of writing was invented. Education then was not for the general  people but a privilege for the chosen few who took on strategic roles in the running of  the state and in religion. In Greece, education became more widespread in about the  5th century BC. The Greeks, however, sent only their male children to school. When  Rome was conquered by the Greeks, the Romans under Greek influence developed a  strong tradition of literacy. The Romans preferred their children to acquire knowledge  about agriculture and warfare. It appears that the course of education is as eventful as  the history of man.  The Prophet Mohammad (SM) equated one literate non-believer with ten illiterate  believers. Islamic civilisation pivoted on literacy and patronage of scholarship. Ibn  Sina (called Avicenna in the west), one of the most famous Muslim philosophers of  all times, saw the task of education as creating a complete citizen— physically,  mentally and morally, and" preparing him for a profession whereby he could earn his  own livelihood and contribute to the society, m the views of Al-Farabi, another great  Muslim philosopher, education was one of the most important social phenomenon  which made sure that the individual was prepared from an early age to acquire values,  knowledge and practical skills within a particular culture.

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